The characteristics of ultrasound waves
How ultrasound waves interact with tissue to produce an echocardiogram image
Different modes of ultrasound imaging
How image artifacts can appear in ultrasound images
Learn about the practical use of the TEE probe with comprehensive video demonstrations and become familiar with the standard imaging planes.
Process of TEE probe insertion and removal
Orientation of the echo image
TEE probe manipulations involved in the acquisition of the 20 conventional TEE views
Relationship between ultrasound plane position and the representation of anatomical structures in the echo image
Nomenclature used to describe probe manipulation and standard views
This section provides all the TEE methodology in one place. It clearly explains the principles and equations that form the basis of echocardiographic measurements and gives a comprehensive list of normal and abnormal values.
In this module, learn:
The commonly used echocardiographic calculations and equations
The clinical context in which these equations are used
To recognize normal and abnormal findings
The uniquely realistic and accurate 3D heart model clearly demonstrates the complex mitral valve anatomy, which enables understanding of the mitral valve imaging planes and aids interpretation of 2D ultrasound images.
In this module, gain a better understanding of:
The anatomy of the mitral valve
Which TEE views are used to examine of the mitral valve
Using different imaging modalities to assess mitral valve function
How to recognize and assess mitral valve pathology
The uniquely detailed and realistic 3D heart model images clearly demonstrate the aortic valve anatomy and function, which enables understanding of the aortic valve imaging and its functional assessment.
This module covers:
Understanding the structure and function of the aortic valve
Recognizing which TEE views are used to examine the aortic valve and root
Using a range of echocardiographic techniques to assess the anatomy and function of the aortic valve
Identifying and assessing aortic valve pathology
Learn to evaluate the left ventricle, pivotal in the echocardiographic assessment of cardiac function and hemodynamic status. Gain knowledge of the relevant anatomy and physiology, essential to the recognition and interpretation of abnormal findings.
In this module:
Understand the anatomy of the left ventricle
Recognize the conventional TEE imaging planes used in left ventricular assessment
Understand the assessment of systolic and diastolic function
Recognize common left ventricular pathological states
Gain a better understanding of the complex shape and function of the right ventricle. This module explains its imaging and assessment, emphasizing its place in the overall assessment of cardiac function.
This module covers:
Understanding the anatomy of the right ventricle
Understanding the terms used to describe the right ventricle
Obtaining the standard and modified views required to image the right ventricle
Understanding the normal systolic and diastolic function of the right ventricle and how it can be assessed
Recognizing pathology commonly associated with the right ventricle
This module examines the imaging and assessment of the pathologies of the aorta. The clinical importance of aortic pathologies underlines the role of echocardiography in the assessment of this structure.
In this module:
Understand the anatomy and relations of the thoracic aorta
Understand how to obtain the standard imaging planes employed in imaging the aorta
Understand the limitations of TEE in aortic imaging
Understand and recognize common aortic pathology
Learn about structures of special relevance to clinical practice, in particular to emerging interventional cardiographic procedures.
Included in this module, learn the echocardiographic assessment of the:
left atrial appendage